At GZDI’s invitation,Wang Jianguo, the Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering and Professorof Southeast University, made a one-day academic tour to GZDI onJune 20, 2016. During the tour, he gave an academic lecture on UrbanDesign in China vs Professional Status of Architects and offered some academicadvices to GZDI. Present at the academic event were GZDI’s President ZhouHelong, Vice President Zhou Zejun, Vice President and Chief Architect MaZhencong and technical professionals.
At the lecture in themorning, Academician Wang started with the concept and connotation of urbandesign, and gave detailed account of the four generations of paradigms in theurban design history. With a large number of practical cases and projects, he elaboratedon the technical approaches of the four generations of urban design, i.e., traditional,modernist, green and systematic,and pointed out that, in practice, the four generations of paradigms are notjust substitutes for one another; they overlap and repeat instead. On thisbasis, Academician Wang put forward four types of urban design practices in thecontemporary China: urban design that copes with certain level of statutoryplanning, conceptual urban design, themed urban design, and project-based urbandesign or urban design of architectural complex. He emphasized that architects playmajor roles in the latter three, especially in the fourth type of urban design.To conclude his lecture, Academician Wang analyzed the disciplinary advantagesof architects in urban design practice, and, based on GZDI’s work scope, offeredvaluable suggestions to architects on their participation in urban designpractice.
Prof. Wang, with a fine sense of humor, quoted manytypical projects and novel techniques in his lecture. In his design proposalfor the International Design Competition of Urban Landscape Planning for theEast Side of West Lake — Urban Landscape Improvement Project for Application ofWorld Heritage for West Lake, up-to-date techniques including quantitativeanalysis and 3S technology etc. were applied, and visual behavior (sight point,sightseeing route) for regular static landscape and random sight points on boatalong the West Lake were combined to form a comprehensive evaluation chart ofeast-side cityscape viewed from the lake, that is, the constant sight line chart, with which the water sightseeing route along the West Lake were properlyarranged to maximize the landscaping resources. Besides, statistical approacheswere employed in the project to analyze the year-round visibility of theplanning area to determine the building height control around the West Lake anddraw reliable conclusion. Prof. Wang also introduced how the design proposal couldadapt to the geotechnical properties for a consistent sequence at site inNanjing Niushou Mt. Tourist Center Project, and vividly described thecoordination process with client during design development phase. These projectpractices triggered heated discussion among the staff and thelecture ended in prolonged applause.
In the afternoon,accompanied by Vice President Ma Zhencong, Prof. Wang discussed with GZDIproject principals on urban design optimization for specific regions，individual building design projects and One–River-Two-Banklandscape improvement project. Mr. Wang introduced in detail the types andcontents of urban design guidance and regulation in China and abroad, and putforward concrete suggestions on subsequent design stage of the One-River-Two-Banklandscape improvement project, including focus on key projects, viewingexperience of different scales, extension of Guangzhou’s cultural factors,event planning, and requirements for recent construction work
Mr. Wang’s lectureand academic guidance invigorated the academic atmosphere of GZDI, broadened thescope of knowledge of GZDI people, and inspired the architects’ design thinking.It has positively promoted the theoretical study and academic innovation amongthe technical professionals their project practice.